The Big Biryani Fight: Hyderabadi, Kolkata or Lucknowi?

lucknowi biryani
lucknowi biryani

Lucknowi biryani or Hyderabadi or Kolkata, there is nothing as soothing to our taste buds as the diverse flavours of biryani explosion in our mouth. It is the classic Indian dish – it’s holy, it’s aromatic as well as it’s one of the most famed delicacies of India. It was first presented in India, while Mughals captured the area, and the Arabs presented it to some portions of South India.

Biryani since then accustomed and accommodated to local tastes and favourites, economic issues and some creative tweaks to the unique recipe.

Whether it is the coconut plus boiled eggs in the Hyderabadi Biryani, or else the taste of Mutton in Lucknowi one, otherwise the potatoes that increase textural heft toward the Kolkata variation, the different versions and palates of Biryani will continually be people’s first choice while it comes to intake Mughlai food!

The top king of all biryanis, Lucknowi biryani was formed in Northern India through Mughal royalties in Awadh about the 18th century, when cooking finesse rose to its top in the royal kitchenettes. The rice is cooked distinctly in spices, and soaked chicken is added later in a distinct layer and cooked in a container over a little flame in dum pukht style (sense in a pot closed with flour) for hours. Subtle whole spices similar saffron aplus star anise play the part of showcasing, somewhat than overpowering, the rich tastes of the meat. The delicate aroma stays on as an after-effect.

With the start of the British rule, Nawab Wajid Ali Shah (monarch of Awadh) was removed to Kolkata. Together with his entourage, the values and traditions of Awadh derived with him, and consequently did the Biryani. In Kolkata, the adding of deep-fried potatoes (to substitute the more costly meat) resulted in a novel signature style. The outcome is the casually spiced and somewhat sweet Kolkata biryani. Cinnamon, mace, nutmeg, cloves, cardamom, as well as yoghurt are used for soaking the meat. Rosewater plus saffron are its distinct ingredients.

Kolkata biryani has its origins in the Nawabi elegance biryani of Lucknow. The cooks from Awadhi kitchens carried the signature biryani formula to Kolkata, which later got squeezed into the exclusive Kolkata biryani that we distinguish today. The Kolkata biryani is exclusive, thanks to its delicate use of spices united with ghee, Basmati rice also mutton. The addition of potatoes, as well as boiled eggs correspondingly, lends a diverse flavour to the dish. Use of nutmeg together with saffron and kewra provides this Biryani with its signature fragrance.

Founded on the Persian elegance of cooking, the Lucknowi Biryani is prepared with the use of a totally different technique recognized as dum pukht. As is the standard with maximum Persian formats, the meat plus gravy are partly cooked and then coated in the dum pukht elegance. Served in a closed handi, Lucknowi biryani is sunlit on the stomach as it is little on spices.

Biryani reached Hyderabad by the invading military of the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb in the late 1600s, as well as the cooks for Nizam (the realm of Hyderabad) established 47 new diversities for royal feasting. The vegetarian form is called Tahiri biryani. The typical Hyderabadi Biryani cooks fresh goat meat plus rice together till the meat flavours leak into the rice. Fried onions, mint, plus coriander leaves enhance flavour, but it is the sturdy spices plus sourness that explain Hyderabadi Biryani.

Hyderabadi Biryani is one of the maximum prevalent dishes in south India. For numerous home cooks and chefs, this dish from Mughlai cooking is fairly a challenge toward make, and each has his exclusive way of seasoning it up. What creates it stand out is the use of saffron and coconut. This Biryani is prepared in layers ­ the maximum challenging portion in its making. While most additional biryanis are constantly dominated through mutton plus chicken gravy, here the saffron mixed-rice take over. Serve it through brinjal gravy.

Hyderabadi Biryani is undoubtedly one of India’s most famed Biryanis; they say “Biryani is identical to Hyderabad.” Hyderabadi Biryani established under the instruction of Asaf Jah I, who had been selected as the Governor of Deccan through the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. It is made by basmati rice, spices plus goat. Popular distinctions use chicken in its place of goat. There are numerous methods of Hyderabadi Biryani. One such Biryani is the kaccha gosht ki biryani otherwise the dum Biryani, wherever the mutton is soaked and cooked together with the rice. It is left on slow fire otherwise dum for an aromatic and scented flavour.

The bawarchis (chefs) as well as rakabdars (gourmet cooks) of Awadh created the dum style of cookery otherwise the art of cooking over a sluggish fire, which has converted synonymous by Lucknow today

Lucknowi Biryani is an astonishingly delicious biryani. It is very prevalent in Delhi and Lucknow. It is created from the Mughal Cuisine. In this formula, the layered peppery rice is organized with Basmati rice also chicken n cooked in delightful spicy constituent

Mughal elegance of cooking left a permanent mark in the Gangetic plains as well as led to the growth of the Awadhi Biryani in Lucknow. Far ahead, Biryani converted very prevalent and spread eastwards toward Kolkata in 1856 throughout the supremacy of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah.

On seeing closely at the progression of Biryani, one could conclude that there are two kinds of Biryani – `kutchi` (raw) as well as `pukki` (cooked).

Biryani from Lucknow is recognized as ‘pukki’ Biryani and the Hyderabad one is well-known for being ‘kutchi’ Biryani. As said by the `pukki` style, meat plus rice are cooked distinctly then layered in a copper container for the finish. While in ‘kutchi’ diversity (with raw gravy); meat, dressing and rice are coated raw and prepared in `Dum`.

A comprehensive meal in itself, Biryani has sufficient varieties to satisfy one and all. Biryani is truly a dish that suits all events – whether it is an idle Sunday lunch, a lively college get-together otherwise a formal dinner by the in-laws. Eaten with love and gusto by all, Biryani is undoubtedly a marvel of India’s cooking heritage.

Written by

Digital Chef Tanuj is an award winning global marketing leader and a digital evangelist who has explored various cultures and cuisines across the globe. With a passion for food and zest for life, he believes that food nourishes both body and spirit. He loves to experiment with new dishes and uses locally grown organic ingredients with an eye for detail, presentation and color. His motto is to pay respect to the ingredients and pour love into food. He believes in “Do what you love and love what you do”, and this book is the first step towards it.


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